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New York City Amends Its Human Rights Law to Prohibit Discrimination Against Unemployed Persons


In effect, “unemployment” status joins a growing list of protected categories in NYC which includes discrimination based on an employee’s actual or perceived race, creed, color, national origin, disability, age, partnership status, marital status, sexual orientation, citizenship status and status as a victim of domestic violence, sex offenses and stalking.

The amendment prohibits an employer from making any employment decision based on a job applicant’s unemployment status.  For instance, claims that an employer failed to hire an unemployed person or offered an unemployed applicant less money or fewer benefits than it offered an employed job applicant would now be prohibited. An exception is that employers may consider unemployment status where there is a “substantially job-related reason for doing so” such as an employee’s prior separation from employment for poor work performance.

The amendment allows an unemployed individual who believes he/she has been discriminated against to file a complaint with the NYC Human Rights Commission or a civil action to recover front and back pay, compensatory and punitive damages, attorneys’ fees and costs.

Employers should advise all of their human resources personnel about these new restrictions.  Employers should also review all job postings and employment applications to ensure that they do not run afoul of this amendment.  As always, should you have any questions or require more information regarding these new regulations, please do not hesitate to contact us at 516-921-3400, or at abpearl@pmphr.com

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